Senin, 31 Januari 2011

Kesultanan kutai kartanegara

Aji Imbut title of Sultan Aji Muhammad Muslihuddin move the capital of the Sultanate of aquatic mammal to the Edge Pandan on September 28, 1782. The move is done to eliminate the bitter memories of the reign of Aji Gift and Pemarangan deemed to have been lost tuahnya. The name later changed to Edge Pandan which means Home Appliances Whitewater King, over time Appliances Whitewater more popularly known as Tenggarong and survive until now.

In 1838, Kukar Sultanate led by Sultan Aji Muhammad Salehuddin after Aji Imbut died in that year.

In 1844, 2 fruit merchant ship James Erskine Murray's leadership of Britain entering the waters of Tenggarong. Murray came toto the Kutai to trade and ask for land to establish a trading post as well as exclusive rights to run a steamboat in the waters of the Mahakam . But Sultan A.M. Salehuddin allow Murray to trade only in Samarinda region alone. Murray was not happy with the Sultan's offer this. After several days in the waters of Tenggarong, Murray opened fire cannon towards the palace and rewarded by the royal troops Kutai. The battle was unavoidable. Murray led the fleet finally defeated and fled into the vast ocean. Five people were injured and three people died from the fleet Murray, and Murray himself was among those killed.
Pertempuran Awang Long Senopati (1844)Reliefevent Awang Long Senopati battle onPancasila Monument, Tenggarong

The incidence of fighting in this Tenggarong to the British. Actually the British going to do a counter attack against the Kutai, but taken by the Dutch that the Kutai is one part of the Dutch East Indies and the Netherlands will solve these problems in his own way. Then the Dutch sent a fleet under the command t'Hooft complete with carrying weapons. Arriving in Tenggarong, t'Hooft fleet attacked the palace of Sultan Kutai. Sultan A.M. Salehuddin evacuated to the City Build. Kutai royal warlord, Awang Long title of Prince Senopati with his troops fought valiantly to defend the honor of the fleet t'Hooft aquatic mammal kingdom. Awang Long was killed in the fighting that is less balanced and the Sultanate of aquatic mammal finally defeated and subdued the Netherlands.

On October 11, 1844, Sultan A.M. Salehuddin have signed an agreement with the Dutch which stated that the Sultan acknowledged the Dutch East Indies government and abide by the Dutch East Indies government in Kalimantan, which is represented by a resident who is domiciled in Banjarmasin.

1846, H. von Dewall became the first Dutch civil administrator on the east coast of Borneo.

In 1850, Sultan A.M. Solomon held the reins of leadership of the Sultanate of aquatic mammal Martadipura Ing.

In 1853, Dutch government put J. Zwager as an assistant resident in Samarinda. At that time the political and economic power is still in the grip of Sultan AM Solomon (1850-1899).

In 1863, aquatic mammal kingdom again entered into an agreement with the Dutch. In the agreement it was agreed that the Kingdom of aquatic mammal to be part of the Government of the Netherlands East Indies.

In 1888, the first coal mines opened in Stone in Kutai Panggal by a mining engineer from the Netherlands, JH Menten. Menten also lay the groundwork for the first oil exploitation in the area of Kutai. Prosperity Kutai region also seems more real that makes the Sultanate aquatic mammal to be very famous at that time. Pengeksloitasian royalties on natural resources in Kutai given to Sultan Sulaiman.

In 1899, Sultan Suleiman died and was succeeded by his son crown Aji Mohammad Sultan Aji Muhammad Alimuddin title.
A.P. MangkunegoroA.P.Mangkunegoro
In 1907, the first Catholic mission was established in Laham. A year later, the upper Mahakam is handed over to the Netherlands with a compensation of 12,990 gulden per year to the Sultan of aquatic mammal.

Sultan Alimuddin reigns only over a period of 11 years alone, he died in 1910. Because at that time crown prince Aji Shocked still immature, the reins of the Sultanate government Kukar then held by the Trusteeship Council, led by Aji Prince Mangkunegoro.
Sultan A.M. Parikesit
Sultan A.M. Parikesit
On November 14, 1920, Shocked was crowned as Sultan Aji aquatic mammal with the title of Sultan Aji Muhammad Parikesit.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, Kutai economy is developing faster as a result of incorporation Trade Co. Borneo-Sumatra. In those years, the capital of Kutai obtained grew steadily through the surplus generated each year. Until 1924, the Kutai already has a fund of 3.28 million Gulden - a fantastic amount for that period.
In 1936, Sultan A.M. Parikesit build a magnificent new palace and made of sturdy concrete. Within one year, the palace was completed.
When the Japanese occupied the area of Kutai in 1942, the Sultan of Kutai be subject to the Tenno Heika, Emperor of Japan. Emperor of Japan gave an honorary degree by the name of the royal Koo Kooti.
Indonesia became independent in 1945. Two years later, the Sultanate of aquatic mammal with unoccupied area status for entry into the Federation of East Kalimantan, together with other regions such as the Sultanate of Bulungan, Sambaliung, Tabur and Sand Mountain to form the Council of the Sultanate. Then on December 27, 1949 entered in United States of Indonesia.
Unoccupied area of Kutai was changed to the Special Region of Kutai, which is an autonomous region / district-level special area under Emergency Law No.3 Th.1953.
In 1959, under the Law. 27 of 1959 on "Establishment of Level II Areas of Borneo", the Special Region is broken down into 3 Kutai regencies, namely: 1. Regional Level II Kutai with capital Tenggarong 2. Township with a capital of Balikpapan Balikpapan 3. Township with a capital of Samarinda Samarinda
On January 20, 1960, located in the Governorate in Samarinda, APT Pranoto who served as Governor of East Kalimantan, on behalf of the Minister of Home Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia inaugurated and take the oath three regional head for the three autonomous regions, namely: 1. A.R. Padmo as the District Head of Level II Kutai 2. Kapt. Soedjono as Municipal Mayor of Samarinda 3. A.R. Sayid Mohammad as Mayor of Aberdeen Township
A day later, on January 21, 1960 held at the Hall of the palace of Sultan Kutai, Tenggarong Special Session of Parliament held the Special Region of Kutai. The core of this event is the handover of government from the Head Chief of the Special Region of Kutai, Sultan Aji Muhammad Parikesit to Raden Aji Padmo as the District Head of Level II Kutai, Captain Soedjono (Mayor of Samarinda) and AR Sayid Mohammad (Mayor of Balikpapan). Kukar Sultanate government under Sultan Aji Muhammad Parikesit ended, and he also became an ordinary life.
Sultan H.A.M. Salehuddin II
Sultan H.A.M. Salehuddin II

In 1999, Kukar Regent Drs. H. Syaukani HR, MM intends to revive the Sultanate Martadipura ing aquatic mammal. The return of the Sultanate of Kutai was not with the intention to revive feudalism in the area, but as an effort to preserve historical and cultural heritage as a royal kingdom of Kutai, the oldest in Indonesia. In addition, aquatic mammal dihidupkannya Sultanate tradition is to support the tourism sector in East Kalimantan in an effort to attract domestic and foreign tourists.

On November 7, 2000, Regent aquatic mammal with Crown Prince Kutai H. Prince Aji Praboe Anoem Soerja Adiningrat facing President Abdurrahman Wahid at the Bina Graha Jakarta to convey the above purpose. President Wahid agreed and approved the return of the Sultanate of aquatic mammal to the descendants of the crown prince Sultan Kutai H. Prince Aji Praboe.

On September 22, 2001, Crown Prince of the Sultanate of aquatic mammal, H. Prince Aji Praboe Anoem Soerya Adiningrat crowned Sultan aquatic mammal with the title of Sultan H. Aji Muhammad Salehuddin II. Coronation H.A.P. Praboe as the new Sultan Kukar held on September 22, 2001.

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